White Papers

White Papers

2014
The Basics of Lubricating Grease and In-Use Testing
Semisolid grease sample testing is becoming more common, due to new sampling and testing procedures being developed within the industry. This paper provides background and insight on grease and grease testing to help end users who are seeking to improve their lubrication reliability program through condition monitoring of in-use grease.

2013
Reliable Hydraulic System Operation Through Proper Fluid Selection & Maintenance
This paper describes how hydraulic fluids are classified for various types of equipment and how these classifications are used to ensure that the proper fluid is chosen. It also explains how specific attributes affect the performance of the oil. The intent is to make it easier for a person new to the hydraulic power field to optimize equipment reliability through proper fluid selection, monitoring and maintenance.

2012
Improving Chain Lubrication - Using Right Lubricant for Operating Environment Can Extend Chain Life, Even in Dusty or Wet Conditions
The majority of chains used in industry suffer unnecessarily short lives. This leads many companies to forego chains completely and replace them with belts. In most cases, however, the problem is not the fault of the chains but rather the method in which they are lubricated.

Improving Oven Chain Lubrication - The Importance of Effective, Correct Lubrication of High-Temperature Environments in the Food Industry
Significant operational efficiencies can be achieved by selecting chain lubricants and application methods that match the specific operating environment and failure mode of the chain.As illustrated by several case studies, an application-specific chain lubricant designed to combat the enemy (water, dust, heat, etc.) saves a considerable amount of money in downtime, cleaning, lubrication, repairs, replacement chain and even electricity.

The Right Turbine Oil for Power Plants
Within the past few years, many power producers using the peaking operating cycle have experienced turbine operation reliability problems. Among the major concerns in gas turbines are oil consumption and the formation of varnish and sludge. Steam turbine operators have experienced increased problems related to foaming, oxidation, loss of water separation and sludge buildup. Fortunately, research has begun to point out new ways to help mitigate these problems. One suggestion is to evaluate the current condition of the oil in the unit, and – if the condition is problematic – change the oil.

Steam Turbine Oil Challenges
The main piece of equipment used by power plants to produce electricity is the turbine; if it does not run, the plant does not produce electricity. Aside from turbine blade failures, the most common turbine reliability issues are bearing and control system failures, which often can be traced back to lubrication-related issues. This paper will focus on varnish and other problems seen in steam turbines and will offer suggestions for how operators can overcome them.

When do Synthetic Lubricants Make Sense?
This paper provides an overview of the three chemical category types of lubricants, defines synthetic lubricants and describes the major types, including their general applications, benefits and disadvantages, in order to help alleviate some of the confusion for lubricant end users as they select lubricants for their equipment.

2011
Putting the Simple Back into Viscosity
This paper summarizes some of the more common lubricant viscosity standards, describes the tests used to measure viscosity, and eliminates some of the confusion these standards may create for the end user.

Purchasing Gear Lubricants: Be Careful When Playing the Numbers Game
When it comes to purchasing gear lubricants, many people on both the sales and purchasing sides decide to play the numbers game. However, gear oil selection is not a game, and numbers alone cannot determine the right product for an application.

2010
Often Overlooked, Lubricants Can Help Lower Energy Consumption
Better lubrication can lead to dramatic energy savings and an improved bottom line. This ought to interest any plant manager who is looking for ways to reduce operating costs.

2009
Environmentally Friendly Lubricants – Biodegradable or Nontoxic
While a high degree of biodegradation can be an environmentally friendly benefit, biodegradation alone does not provide a complete picture of how a lubricant impacts the environment.

Water Contamination: Management of Water During the Lubricant Life Cycle
This paper describes the common causes, characteristics and results of water contamination, and outlines techniques for separating and removing water from lubricants.

Hidden Benefits of Lubricant Consolidation
This lubricant consolidation can provide several benefits to manufacturing operations. This paper includes a case study revealing how one plant was able to reduce by half the number of lubricants it used.

2008
What is Oil Filtration?
Many different oil filtration products exist in the marketplace, leading to confusion or oversimplification.

2007
The Importance of Quality H1 Food Grade Lubricants in Today’s Food Processing Equipment
Lubrication of equipment in food industry applications requires high-quality, high-performance lubricants that stand up to some of the harshest environmental conditions found anywhere.

High Performance Enhanced Lubricant Products – The Clear Choice for Cement Plant Open Gears
Lubrication of large open gear systems in ball, pebble, rod or breaker mills presents a unique challenge due to the harsh environment and heavily loaded conditions in cement plants.

2006
Beyond Synthetic vs. Mineral Basestock or What Happened to the Application?
End users are sometimes led down the wrong path by lubricant manufacturers telling them that a synthetic-based lubricant will always provide superior performance. This paper provides some basic knowledge of how different types of lubricants are formulated with respect to performance in the application.

2002
Lubrication Basics for Wire Ropes
This paper explains the types, applications and challenges of wire ropes and cables, as well as the importance of appropriate lubrication.

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